This data set provides a dichotomous coding of democracy from 1800 until 2020; however, QoG data contains information from 1946 onwards. Authors define a country as democratic if it satisfies conditions for both contestation and participation. Specifically, democracies feature political leaders chosen through free and fair elections and satisfy a threshold value of suffrage.
Last updated by source: 2022-01-03
This adjusts democracy by also requiring that at least half of the adult women have the right to vote.More about this variable
This is the same measure as democracy (bmr_dem), except it records an NA for countries occupied during an international war (e.g., the Netherlands 1940-44) or experiencing state collapse during a civil war (e.g., Lebanon 1976-89). The democracy variable instead fills in these years as continuations of the same regime type.More about this variable