The Ethnolinguistic Fractionalization (ELF) Indices, 1961 and 1985 Indices measure the probability of two randomly selected people not belonging to the same ethnolinguistic group using different methods. The estimates are computed from population estimates of different sources. For details, please visit https://pages.ucsd.edu/~proeder/elf.htm

**Last updated by source:** 2001-02-16

Dataset type: |
Cross-section |

Dataset level: |
Country |

(Roeder, 2001)

• Roeder, P. G. (2001). *Ethnolinguistic
fractionalization (ELF) indices, 1961 and 1985*. http://pages.ucsd.edu/~proeder/elf.htm

Ethnolinguistic Fractionalization: Measures probability that two randomly selected people from a given country will not belong to the same ethnolinguistic group. Reprint from the index published in Taylor and Hudson (1972: 271-274). Original source: Atlas Narodov Mira (1964).

More about this variableEthnolinguistic fractionalization 1961: Reflects probability that two randomly selected people from a given country will not belong to the same ethnolinguistic group, where the latter is defined without collapsing any sub-groups in the sources. Original source: Roeder (2001).

More about this variableEthnolinguistic fractionalization 1985: Reflects probability that two randomly selected people from a given country will not belong to the same ethnolinguistic group, where the latter is defined without collapsing any sub-groups in the sources. Original source: Roeder (2001).

More about this variableEthnolinguistic Fractionalization: Measures probability that two randomly selected people from a given country will not belong to the same ethnolinguistic group. Reprint from the index published in Taylor and Hudson (1972: 271-274). Original source: Muller (1964).

More about this variableEthnolinguistic Fractionalization: Measures probability that two randomly selected people from a given country will not belong to the same ethnolinguistic group. Reprint from the index published in Taylor and Hudson (1972: 271-274). Original source: Roberts (1962).

More about this variable